Caspar van Citters (1674 - 1734)
Caspar van Citters (1674-1734)
studied in Leiden and graduated in Orleans in 1699. In 1703 he was together with
his younger brother Willem I involved in the Contracts of Correspondence (Contracten
of Correspondentie). This contract arranged the succession of political
functions between the vested seventeenth century families (old faction) and the
newcoming eigtheenth century families (new faction).
Caspar had an influential role as he was related to both the vested
families and the newcomers. The role of Caspar and Willem I is probably the
basis for the oligarchical power of the family in the second half of the
eighteenth century as the family was more and more able to appoint in the
crucial functions one or another family member (sons or grandsons of Caspar
& Willem I) In 1704 he became
Secretary of Middelburg and in 1718 he succeeded his father in law, Jacob
Verheye, as Pensionary (prime delegate of the state of Zealand at the States
General) in The Hague.
In the quest for power it is interesting to note that the Van Citters family was
able to combine local power [in Zealand] with both national influence (in The
Hague) and trade interests (VOC).
the first generation Aernout van Citters had national influence as a member of
the High Council and Ambassador in London. His cousin, Anthony van Ceters had
influence in Rotterdam, and his son Aernout junior (1661-1718) protected trade
interests in Middelburg.
second generation Caspar van Citters (1674-1734) became Pensionary in the Hague
in 1718. In the meantime his younger brother Willem I (1685-1758) was Mayor of
Middelburg and Governor of the VOC.
the third generation Willem II was Pensionary in The Hague. At the same time
Jacob (1708-1792), son of Caspar, was Mayor of Middelburg and Willem Aernout,
grandson of Willem I was Governor of the VOC and Mayor of Middelburg.
fourth generation was lined up for the succession when the default of the VOC
and the 1796 revolution would not have deminished their influence and wealth.